To look for these various particles and decay products, physicists have designed multi-component detectors that test different aspects of an event. Each component of a modern detector is used for measuring particle energies and momenta, and/or distinguishing different particle types. When all these components work together to detect an event, individual particles can be singled out from the multitudes for analysis.
Following each event, computers collect and interpret the
vast quantity of data from the detectors and present the
extrapolated results to the physicist.